Skip to main content

Chapter 1b - Turtle


We first need to import turtle so we can start using turtle functions

import turtle
What is Turtle? ๐Ÿข

a pre-installed Python library that enables users to create pictures and shapes by providing them with a virtual canvas

What is a library? ๐Ÿ“š
In python libraries are a collection of modules, containing code that can be used in different programs.

Analogy: Suppose you have a set of questions about Biology, I don't know much about biology, so Ideally I would like to invite (import) a biology teacher to our class so you can ask him biology questions.

#The biology teacher library probably doesn't exist, but this is just to show how this would it would translate in code
import biology_teacher
# We invite our biology teacher to the room

biology_teacher.askBiologyQuestion("Can I turn my cat into diamond?")
# and now we are asking our biology teacher a biology related question

Why is it useful? Is useful to have libraries as a way to get access to precreated code that can help us accelerate our programming (so we can focus on creating what we want instead of the details of something)

Drawing a circleโ€‹

import turtle (100) # draws a circle with radius 100

๐Ÿงช Try the code out!

Moving to Coordinates ๐Ÿ—บโ€‹

We can out the pen down when we are ready to draw

import turtle

turtle.goto(20, 20)
turtle.goto(-30, 50)

# turtle.home() #goes to (0,0)

What are coordinates?

๐Ÿงช Try the code out!
import turtle (50, 180) # draws a semi-circle (first parameter is radius, second is degrees)

๐Ÿงช Try the code out!
๐Ÿ™‹โ€โ™‚๏ธ What do you think we would need to do in order to draw a quarter-circle with 40 of radio?
import turtle (50, 360/4) # or 90
๐Ÿงช Try the code out!

Turtle Shape ๐Ÿข โšช โฌ›โ€‹

We can change how the pen looks like






๐Ÿงช Try the code out!

Picking the Pen up and down โœ’โ€‹

turtle.penup() (40, 360/4)
turtle.pendown() (40, 360/4)

๐Ÿงช Try the code out!


Colors supported in Trinket

turtle.color("yellow") # is used to set the colour of the drawn line
turtle.fillcolor("yellow") # is used to set the color that should be used to fill the drawn figure

๐Ÿงช Try the code out!

Speed ๐Ÿƒโ€โ™‚๏ธโ€‹

turtle.speed(5) # speed varies from 0 to 10
turtle.speed(0) # 10 is the fastest, and speed increases from 1 to 10
๐Ÿงช Try the code out!


You can change the width using something like: turtle.width(5)


import turtle
turtle.goto(20, 20)
turtle.goto(-30, 50)

Hiding and Showing Turtleโ€‹

turtle.hideturtle() # Hides the turtle
turtle.showturtle() # Shows the turtle

Challange Time โœจ: Turtle Assigmentโ€‹

  1. This is the graphic that needs to be created:

  1. Before creating the graphic, think about how you will create it. Break down the graphics - How many shapes are there? What are their colors? What are their sizes? Is the turtle visible in the graphic? How should the Python lines of code be sequenced in order to get this image?
  2. Write down the instructions needed to create this graphic in the Instructions window of your Trinket.
  3. After completion, share the link / embed the Trinket.

Instructor Notesโ€‹